Active spanwise lift control

by Joaquim Neto Dias | 30 October 2020
Hardback
Active Spanwise Lift Control presents a novel approach to tackle the gust alleviation problem. Traditional approaches typically attempt to suppress the structural response at discrete points of the wing using only the conventional control surfaces (aileron, elevator, rudder), resulting in limited control authority, high-bandwidth actuator requirements, and necessity of gust field measurements ahead of the aircraft. In this book, the authors directly address the spanwise behavior of aerodynamic loads, as this is what should be primarily controlled. Because the gust loads are mainly caused by disturbances in the spanwise lift, the aim is at controlling the shape of the lift distribution profile along the span. Therefore, this distributed approach allows control of the loads at all points of the wing structure. Moreover, using modal decomposition concepts, the control surfaces can be designed to maximize controllability of the most relevant aerodynamic modes, which naturally results in lower actuator rate requirements. In the work herein, the unsteady aerodynamics of a finite wing featuring multiple trailing edge flaps is modeled using the Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method (UVLM), yielding a linear, time-invariant, high-order state-space model. An Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA) is applied for model-order reduction and modal identification, providing aerodynamic mode shapes and associated eigenvalues. By representing the system output (lift distribution) as a truncated superposition of aerodynamic mode shapes, a low-order MIMO modal representation is obtained, suitable for controller synthesis. This methodology is used to synthesize regulators, to suppress gust disturbances in lift distribution, and trackers, to dynamically follow any desired reference lift profile. A special observer structure decouples the gust input from the state estimation process and provides estimates for the gust amplitude along time, thus rendering the gust measurements ahead of the aircraft unnecessary.
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Active Spanwise Lift Control presents a novel approach to tackle the gust alleviation problem. Traditional approaches typically attempt to suppress the structural response at discrete points of the wing using only the conventional control surfaces (aileron, elevator, rudder), resulting in limited control authority, high-bandwidth actuator requirements, and necessity of gust field measurements ahead of the aircraft. In this book, the authors directly address the spanwise behavior of aerodynamic loads, as this is what should be primarily controlled. Because the gust loads are mainly caused by disturbances in the spanwise lift, the aim is at controlling the shape of the lift distribution profile along the span. Therefore, this distributed approach allows control of the loads at all points of the wing structure. Moreover, using modal decomposition concepts, the control surfaces can be designed to maximize controllability of the most relevant aerodynamic modes, which naturally results in lower actuator rate requirements. In the work herein, the unsteady aerodynamics of a finite wing featuring multiple trailing edge flaps is modeled using the Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method (UVLM), yielding a linear, time-invariant, high-order state-space model. An Eigensystem Realization Algorithm (ERA) is applied for model-order reduction and modal identification, providing aerodynamic mode shapes and associated eigenvalues. By representing the system output (lift distribution) as a truncated superposition of aerodynamic mode shapes, a low-order MIMO modal representation is obtained, suitable for controller synthesis. This methodology is used to synthesize regulators, to suppress gust disturbances in lift distribution, and trackers, to dynamically follow any desired reference lift profile. A special observer structure decouples the gust input from the state estimation process and provides estimates for the gust amplitude along time, thus rendering the gust measurements ahead of the aircraft unnecessary.
Quantity:
In stock online
Extended Range: Delivery in 2-3 working days
Free Delivery on this item
391 Reward Points

Any purchases for more than €10 are eligible for free delivery anywhere in the UK or Ireland!

€130.50
In stock online
Extended Range: Delivery in 2-3 working days
Free Delivery on this item
Quantity:
391 Reward Points

Any purchases for more than €10 are eligible for free delivery anywhere in the UK or Ireland!

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